Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and the e-mail address of the first author.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that telephone and fax numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Subdivision: Divide your article into clearly defined sections:
Abstract. A concise and factual abstract of no more than 200 words is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
Introduction. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
Results. Results should be clear and concise.
Discussion. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
Conclusions. The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Footnotes. Footnotes should be avoided.
Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author’s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
2. Two authors: both authors’ names and the year of publication;
3. Three or more authors: first author’s name followed by “et al.” and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically.
List: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Piombino-Mascali, D., A. C. Aufderheide, M. Johnson Williams & A. R. Zink (2009): The Salafia method rediscovered. - Virchows Arch. 454 (3): 355-357.
Reference to a book:
Aufderheide, A. C. (2003): The Scientific Study of Mummies. - Cambridge (Cambridge University Press).
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Wilkinson, C. M. (2008): The facial reconstruction of Ancient Egyptians. - Pp. 162-180 in David, A. R. (ed.): Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science. Cambridge (Cambridge University Press).
Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to
Index Medicus journal abbreviations: www.nlm.nih.gov
List of title word abbreviations: www.issn.org
CAS (Chemical Abstracts Service): www.cas.org
Please write your text in English (American usage). Authors for whom English is a second language must have their manuscript professionally edited before submission or during the review process. Authors wishing to pursue a professional English-language editing service should make contact and arrange payment with the editing service of their choice. For more details regarding the recommended services, please contact the editors.
All illustrations should be submitted in the best available quality.
Send all illustrations in the original format and resolution, as separate files, not embedded in WORD files.
If the data files are modified (including labelling), a copy of the original, unmodified file should be submitted too.
Never use »jpg«, except for photos of digital cameras, which do not support »tif« or »raw«. If »jpg« cannot be avoided, please select the best quality.
Halftones: Should be scanned with a resolution not lower than 400 dpi, applied to a width of 14 cm, even for photographs designed for column width. Digital images: see above. Slides should be submitted as originals.
Line drawings: Must be scanned with a resolution of 1200 dpi or more and the format must be bitmap (1 pixel = 1 bit), saved as »tif«.
Vector-graphics: The original files saved by the used program and additionally all linked files must be submitted. Do not export or save the illustration in a different format. If there are problems with conversion, you will be informed.
CT images: Make sure that these are exported from the native format in high quality (400 dpi or more).
If you cannot meet these requirements, please submit the originals.
More information on preparing images and submitting data files is given here: images
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